Category: php

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Using Cookie Variables in PHP

Setting cookies in php is pretty straight forward. There is a php function:

setcookie();

This function must be called before any anything else on the page or it will fail. There are two options to address this.

Use ob_start to Buffer content

  1. You can either make sure that setcookie() is the first thing you call in your script - which is often just not a possibility.
  2. Or, You can use the ob_start() and ob_end_flush() functions.

ob_start() and ob_end_flush() will buffer the content on a page until after the setcookie() variable has been created.

Expire Value is a Unix Timestamp

The expire value for php cookies must be a UNIX time-stamp:

Use the php time() function

time() + 3600_____1hr
time() + 1800_____30min
time() + 900______15min
time() + 450______7.5 min
time() + 225______3.25 min
time() + 112.5____1.125 min
time() + 56.25____.625 = 37.5 sec.
ob_start();

The rest of your script goes here

ob_end_flush();

// Here you set the cookie

// The cookie is called logged_in and can be found

// in the directory that your browser keeps cookies.

setcookie('logged_in' , $cookieVal ,(time() + 3600)) or die('no cookie');

Retrieving and using the value stored in a php cookie is done with the $_COOKIE[''] super global variable.
//Retrieving cookie value

echo $_COOKIE['logged_in']

Author: D.Shaun Morgan

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